It is time to think beyond vaccines

This article, originally published in Spanish in “El País” –, sets out a future scenario in which a percentage of the population will be vaccinated against COVID-19, and the gap that may arise between these and those who are unwilling or unable to achieve immunity through vaccination.

Should the vaccination be coercive?

The announcement made a few days ago by Pfizer has raised realistic expectations that a coronavirus vaccine will be available soon. Under these conditions, a fundamental question urgently needs to be addressed: should it be coercive? Iñigo de Miguel Beriain -PANELFIT coordinator_ addressed this important question in this opinion paper.

How to avoid a second lockdown?

English version of the news published in “El País” ( by PANELFIT Coordinator Iñigo de Miguel Beriain.

Also available in German:

Available in Portuguese:

Lección de salud pública

Iñigo de Miguel Beriain participated in a TV report devoted to COVID ethical and legal issues, including privacy issues. It was broadcasted on 2020-04-25. EiTB television (Basque Country).

Articles in mass media

Iñigo de Miguel Beriain published several articles in mass media (in Spanish):


Iñigo de Miguel was interviewed by “La Tengo Pequeña” programme: LTP. Podcast. Ep81 – Dónde y cómo dibujar la frontera entre la protección de datos individuales y el bien común, con Iñigo De Miguel profesor de investigación en Ikerbasque, 9 de abril de 2020.

Journalistic articles

Iñigo de Miguel contributed to several journalistic articles where his opinion was quoted, namely:

PANELFIT members participated in public initiatives related to data protection issues in policy making, namely:

More than 60 experts, including researchers from the PANELFIT, call on  the Spanish government to act on the “private initiatives” that use  COVID-19 apps for profit.


The outbreak of  COVID-19 and subsequent initiatives and policy measures trigger many crucial privacy and data protection law issues. This page share  useful resources in this crucial matter.

Experts in privacy admit that the crisis allows for an exceptional use  of personal data. Link to the article in Spanish.


COVID-19 IMMUNITY PASSPORT: Scientifically viable? Legal? Ethical?

Interview with Iñigo de Miguel -PANELFIT Co-Coordinator- on the SER  radio station.  Available in Spanish.

We began to hear from experts and political leaders the idea of  implementing an immunity passport for COVID-19, a document containing  our medical data and certifying whether or not we are immune to the  virus and which allows or limits our movements, activities, work.

But do we know enough about coronavirus immunity today to implement  such a measure? We have a scientific and health debate ahead of us,  but also an ethical and legal one.